The project sets out to address two different needs:
1. to provide tools to distinguish between non-‘racial’ and ‘racial’ physical violence.
Indeed, it is difficult to identify when there is a ‘racial’ motivation behind a physical offence, because it has to be interpreted within the context in which it has happened. When ‘racial’-based hate crimes are not recognised as such, this leads to an underestimation of the phenomenon and to the violation of fundamental human rights. From there derives a specific need that consists in defining tangible criteria in order to be able to distinguish between ‘racial’ marked violence and ‘non-marked’ violence
2. to define tangible criteria for identifying non-physical, ‘racially’-marked offences, based on verbal, paraverbal, non-verbal and visual communication practices in written, spoken, as well as interactional discourses.
The main objectives of the project are:
1. comparing existing legislation in the different partner countries as well as relevant academic and non-academic studies
2. identifying specific communication practices through words, voice, body language and visual elements in mass media and social network debates about hate speech and hate communication
3. understanding the mechanism of hate-oriented communication practices in their communicative techniques, procedures and strategies
4. working out a face-to-face and online training concept to provide concrete tools for recognising such communication practices and contributing to prevent hate crimes
5. elaborating good practices, recommendations and tangible tools for the legal and police sectors
Beneficiaries of the project include:
legal professionals (judges or lawyers), law enforcement officials (city police, border police, military, etc.), migrants (as potential or actual victims of ‘race’-motivated hate crime), intercultural mediators, teachers, social workers, adult educators as well as EU institutions (European Commission, European Council, European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights).