Photonics For High-Performance, Low-Cost & Low-Energy Data Centers, High Performance Computing Systems: Terabit/S Optical Interconnect Technologies For On-Board, Board-To-Board, Rack-To-Rack Data Links
PhoxTrot is a large-scale research effort focusing on high-performance, low-energy and cost and small-size optical interconnects across the different hierarchy levels in Data Center and High-Performance Computing Systems: on-board, board-to-board and rack-to-rack. PhoxTrot will tackle optical interconnects in a holistic way, synergizing the different fabrication platforms (CMOS electronics, Si-photonics, polymers, glass, III-Vs, plasmonics) in order to deploy the optimal "mix&match" technology and tailor this to each interconnect layer. PhoxTrot follows a layered approach from near-term exploitable to more forward looking but of high expected gain activities. The main objectives of PhoxTrot include the deployment of:
- generic building block technologies (transmitters, modulators, receivers, switches, optochips, multi- and single-mode optical PCBs, chip- and board-to-board connectors) that can be used for a broad range of applications, extending performance beyond Tb/s and reducing energy by more than 50%.
- a unified integration/packaging methodology as a cost/energy-reduction factor for board-adaptable 3D SiP transceiver and router optochip fabrication.
- the whole "food-chain" of low-cost and low-energy interconnect technologies concluding to 3 fully functional prototype systems: an >1Tb/s throughput optical PCB and >50% reduced energy requirements, a high-end >2Tb/s throughput optical backplane for board-to-board interconnection, and a 1.28Tb/s 16QAM Active OpticalCable that reduces power requirements by >70%.
CTI within PhoxTrot focuses on:
- Architectures for the different hierarchy layers, relying on optical interconnection module specifications. Data Center and HPC architectures are also studied from a holistic perspective, addressing the interaction between the different architectural layers. Candidate topologies and architectures are evaluated theoretically considering scalability issues and packaging constraints.
- Studies on traffic profiles for HPC and Data Centers, in order to identify appropriate applications and traffic patterns. These will be used for the definition of realistic application workload models.
- Evaluation of performance of the proposed architectures through simulations, using realistic HPC and DC application workload models.
- Optical packet router architectures for HPC and DataCenters supporting Advanced Modulation